WARLI
(Maharashtra state)

Warli painting is a style of tribal art mostly created by the tribal people from the North Sahyadri Range in Maharashtra, India. This tribal art was originated in Maharashtra, where it is still practiced today.

Jivya Soma Mashe, the artist in Thane district has played a great role in making the Warli paintings more popular. Jivya is known as the modern father of Warli painting. Since the 1970s, Warli painting has moved onto paper and canvas. The style of Warli painting was not recognised until the 1970s, even though the tribal style of art is thought to date back as early as 10th century A.D.

The Warli culture is centred around the concept of Mother Nature and elements of nature. They greatly respect nature and wildlife for the resources that they provide for life.

These rudimentary wall paintings use a set of basic geometric shapes: a circle, a triangle, and a square. These shapes are symbolic of different elements of nature. Warli paintings is surrounded by scenes portraying life style of village people's farming, festivals, Marriage, dances, trees and animals.

Material used for Warli art

Warli artists use their clay huts as the backdrop for their paintings, similar to how ancient people used cave walls as their canvases. The simple pictorial language of Warli painting is matched by a rudimentary technique. The ritual paintings are usually created on the inside walls of village huts. The walls are made of a mixture of branches, earth and red brick that make a red ochre background for the paintings. The Warli only paint with a white pigment made from a mixture of clay paste and water, with gum as a binder. A bamboo stick is chewed at the end to give it the texture of a paintbrush.